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Colorectal Polyps and Colon Cancer: What’s the link?

We all know that cancer kills no matter which organ it appears on. Over the years, occurrence of cancer in colon has been studied in detail and doctors have come up with cure. But are you aware of the causative agents of this cancer? Are you aware of the procedure in which harmless colorectal polyps can lead to colon cancer in your body? Not many are aware of this subtle but direct relationship. We will try to assess all the aspects of this relationship through this article.

What is a Colorectal Polyp?

Polyps are harmless and commonly occurring outgrowths in the internal lining of organs in our body. Polyps are seen to occur occasionally and disappear by themselves and are considered as the body’s natural response to stress or functional imbalance in a particular organ. Colorectal polyps are those which occur in the colon or rectum. These polyps are expected to vanish by themselves or co-exist harmlessly in the colon itself. Problem begins when carcinogens make an impact on these nascent polyps and turn them into precursors of cancerous tissue.

Yes, colorectal polyps can turn into precursors of cancerous tumors under the influence of carcinogens. This is the unique relationship observed between colorectal polyps and colon cancer, one that usually does not occur in other organs except in special cases. As mentioned, polyps can occur in any part of the body, but in most cases, the polyps are found to stay harmless and non-cancerous. It must also be noted here that polyps themselves are representatives of undesirable health conditions and should be made to disappear through disciplined diet and lifestyle.

Colon Cancer: Facts and Causatives

Colon cancer and rectal cancer are found to develop from these polyps within the inner lining of the colorectal passage. The polyps either stay harmless or become hyper plastic and cancerous. Colon cancer is the direct result of such a change.

What causes this change?

In order to answer that question, we have to take a quick look at what causes colon cancer in humans. The main causes of colon cancer are carcinogens and family history. If a person has members of family who have been suffering from colorectal cancer, then chances are that through genetic imbibing or epigenetical dysfunction in the body, he or she will suffer from colon cancer if polyps occur in the colorectal system.

Other than that, exposure to carcinogens like radioactive elements, excessive red meat or processes meat diet, bowel syndromes, Crohn’s disease, or ulcerative colitis; obesity; smoking; heavy alcoholism; physical inactivity and type 2 diabetes are all conditions which can lead to growth of cancer properties in these polyps. Colon cancer can be treated either surgically or through radiotherapy and medication.

Cancer tumor growth can be both macroscopic and microscopic. In case of microscopic, the tumor cells come in contact with nerve cells and lymph nodes, thereby increasing chances of spreading to other organs like the liver.

Thus, colon cancer is the ultimate negative outcome of having colorectal polyps in the human body.

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