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Gum disease: Signs and symptoms

There are several signs and symptoms of gum disease that might occur silently in person’s mouth and be devoid of any pain or swelling. Gum disease or periodontitis can be painful once they are in their advanced forms.

Treatment of such diseases may take months and in certain cases may involve complete dietary and lifestyle control.

Therefore, it is very important that one keeps a track of the most common signs of gum disease and get their gums checked as soon as they find one. In order to understand the different signs and symptoms of the gum disease, one must be aware of the different types of gum disease present.

Gingivitis

is the condition wherein the gums start behaving abnormally and have an impact on the normal oral habits of the person. When gingivitis becomes more complex and leads to ulceration and formation of gum caries, it leads to ANUG (acute necrosive ulcerating gingivitis) or periodontitis. These two extremes can cause extreme pain and result in tooth fall. We enlist the common and advanced signs of both these conditions here on.

The most common signs of gum disease are as follows:

  • Pain in mouth characterized by swollen, red and tender gums around the teeth.
  • Longer looking teeth due to receding or pulling away of gums around them. This pulling away also reveals the roots of the teeth and is an unwelcome sight.
  • Teeth that becomes loose or separated.
  • Presence of bad breath which is persistent in spite of regular brushing or rinsing.
  • A change in fit of your partial dentures

The above are the most important and commonly occurring signs of gum disease. Advanced symptoms of gum disease seen in various patients suffering from ulcerative gum disease or sever inflammation are as follows:

  • Presence or occurrence of pus or fluid in between the gums and your teeth, also known as gum abscess.
  • Presence of sores inside the mouth which may bleed or be painful.
  • Gum bleeding especially while brushing, eating hard food or flossing. The blood appears while mouth rinsing or on remnants of food items being eaten. Example, apple, nuts etc.
  • Unpleasant or metallic taste in the mouth
  • High temperature or fever
  • Difficulty in swallowing or talking
  • Excess saliva in the mouth.

Gum disease has been classified into two main types, gingivitis and periodontitis. The different levels of infection, their treatment and the harmful results of each of the conditions differ from each other.

While all the main signs of gingivitis are treated with oral medication, formulations and injections, periodontitis is more serious and requires invasive surgery to treat the condition.

Also, conditions of acute periodontitis lead to ulcers and bleeding, wherein bacteria found in the oral disease are introduced to the blood flow of the body. This in turn leads to increased chances of heart and brain diseases. Therefore, looking out for gum disease symptoms and rushing to a doctor immediately is highly advised. This will help you keep your gums, teeth, brain and heart in healthy shape.

 

 

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