Dr. Rama Joshi, BLK Hospital, talks about gynaecological cancer, huge burden of cancer on the women in India. She emphasizes over the fact that cervical cancer is curable if treated early and that active screening of cervical cancer is a must for women.
According to the study ‘Cervical cancer in India and HPV vaccination’ published Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology, almost 75% of all sexually active adults are likely to be infected with at least one HPV type but vast majority of the infections resolve spontaneously and only a minority (<1%) of the HPV infections progress to cancer.
The lower part of the uterus which opens into the vagina is known as cervix. It actually connects uterus and vagina. When there is an abnormal and uncontrolled growth of the cells on the cervix, it is known as a cervical cancer. Excessive vaginal discharge, pain during intercourse, abnormal bleeding from vagina that cannot be related to menstrual periods or sex, and pain in the lower abdomen or pelvis, are the symptoms of cervix cancer. Sexual activity and age are two most predominant factors for HPV transmission.
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