An essential part of cervical cancer treatment is finding out the stage of cancer. As with every other disease, cervical cancer also has early, medial and advanced stages. The treatment options vary as per the stage of the cancer. Each stage would describe the intensity of the disease and its spread to other body parts. Treatment options are best decided on the stage of cancer, along with other factors like age, other coexisting health issues as well as ability to take up the treatment and associated side effects.
Read about Cervical Cancer Symptoms & Risk Factors
1. Cervical Cancer Surgery
Based on the symptoms, stage of cancer and other health conditions, an experienced gynae oncologist can recommend either of the following surgeries for cervical cancer treatment:
- Cryosurgery: In this surgery excessive cooling kills the cancer cells.
- Laser surgery: In this surgery using laser beam kills cancer cells.
- Cone biopsy: It is a specialized surgery for cervical cancer. It involves removal of a cone-shaped fragment of the cervix which has cancer cells.
- Hysterectomy: It is a major surgery that involved removal of both uterus and cervix.
2. Radiation Therapy
This involves administering high-energy beams that kill cancer cells to take care of the remaining cancer cells, after surgery. Usual radiation surgery is administered externally but in specialized cases radioactive sources that emit high energy beam may be administered in to the vagina.
The usual side effects encountered during radiation therapy include skin rashes and reddening around cervix, and tiredness.
Chemotherapy is intensive therapy which addresses the aggressively multiplying cancer cells and metastasized cancer cells. It involves administering chemotherapeutic medicines. By administering the medicines into the vein they reach into the blood circulation. These reach the target site and start showing their therapeutic action.
Initially they used to have severe side effects but with advancement in drug development, the chemotherapeutic drugs of today show milder side effects. Not all patients undergo all these side effects. These include nausea, vomiting, and hair loss, which is temporary.
Read about Managing the Side Effects of Chemotherapy
4. Biological Therapy/Immunotherapy
Immunotherapy are an upcoming class of anticancer therapy that aim at improving the overall immune system of the patients (non-specific immune therapies) or targeting the specific cancer cells and killing them (targeted therapies, unlike chemotherapy which destroys both healthy cells and cancer cells).
This write-up was contributed by Credihealth content team:
Credihealth is India’s No.1 Medical Assistance company. It gives guidance to a patient from the first consultation through the entire hospitalization process. A team of in-house Credihealth doctors helps the patient find the right doctor, book appointment, request cost estimate for procedures and manage admission & discharge processes.
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