A disorder of the body’s nervous system is deemed as a neurological disorder. Various abnormalities in the brain or spinal cord (like electrical, structural, biochemical or electrical) can manifest themselves in a variety of symptoms like muscle weakness, paralysis, seizures, confusion, pain and poor coordination.
Neurological disorders are many (over 600), out of which some are fairly common while the others are rare in nature.
A proper diagnosis can asses which type of disorder the patient suffers from, and thus they can be treated accordingly. Mentioned below are a few neurological disorders –
- Faulty genes which can cause diseases like Muscular Dystrophy or Huntington’s
- Problems in the development of the nervous system, resulting in spina bifida
- Diseases, like strokes, which happen due to infection of the blood
- Injuries to the spinal cord and brain can lead to neurological disorders
- Degenerative diseases like Parkinson’s disease and Alzheimer’s disease, occur when the nerve cells are damaged
- Epilepsy, which is a Seizure disorder
- Brain tumour like Cancer
- Infections like meningitis
Some ways to take care of patients suffering from neurological disorders can include measures like therapy, pain management, medication lifestyle changes, neuro-rehabilitation and operations.
Mentioned below are the 4 most common treatments for neurological disorders –
#1 Brain Mapping
This technique allows doctors to remove as much of a brain tumour as they possibly can while simultaneously reducing the impact that it will have on the important parts of the brain which control speech, movement, and one’s senses i.e. without producing any permanent neurological deficit in the patient. 3-D imaging technology makes it possible to accurately operate on the brain, wherein surgeons can target their dissection to an extremely small degree.
#2 Gamma Knife
Contrary to its name, this technique does not involve a knife. It is a machine that delivers a single dose of finely focused radiation to the intended target without causing much damage to the surrounding tissue. This treatment is excellent wherein disorders having abnormalities less than 3 cm need to be treated.
It is an extremely non-invasive procedure that requires no overnight stay at the hospital.
This is an extremely advanced form of radio-surgery and is non-invasive and painless in nature. It works by focusing high doses of accurately targeted radiation which aim at destroying tumours inside the body, with a robotic arm delivering the focused beams. The flexibility of the robotic arm allows it to reach those areas of the body (like the spine and spinal cord) which cannot otherwise be treated by other techniques.
#4 Deep Brain Stimulation
Deep Brain Stimulation (shortened as DBS) is a form of brain surgery which is very advanced in nature. It was created to treat Parkinson’s disease and has since then been used to treat dystonia, people suffering from essential tremors and depression, as well as tremors associated with multiple sclerosis.
It works like a pacemaker for the brain by using electrodes implanted inside it which send electrical signals to different parts of the brain which are linked to various disorders