Uterine Fibroids – Facts you Need to know Today!
What are Uterine Fibroids? Fibroids are benign tumours that develop in the wall of the womb. While the condition may sound scary, it is pretty common and affects over 10 million women in India, every year. It can be diagnosed easily through some fairly common tests and mostly affects adult women. Some lucky women with fibroids experience no symptoms and continue living a normal life. Most such women, however, experience anywhere from mild to severe symptoms, which can have a negative impact on the patient’s personal and professional life.
Some of the common symptoms of the condition include:
- Severe Menstrual Pain
- Irregular Mensturation
- Painful Sex
- Blood Clots
- Abdominal Pain
- Pelvic Pain
- Watery Discharge
- Difficulty in urination
Any gynecologist, upon knowing the symptoms would suggest either a pelvic ultrasound or an MRI to confirm the presence of fibroids in the womb.
Depending on the severity of the symptoms, there are a number of ways to treat fibroids. In fact, the sooner one is diagnosed, the easier it is to treat them. Here are some of the common techniques used to manage Uterine Fibroids:
Medications: Birth Control pills or hormonal pills are often given to the patient to shrink the size of the fibroids and control bleeding.
Uterine artery embolization: This method involves injecting small particles known as embolic agents into the uterus’ arteries, which cute off the blood supply of fibroids, effectively shrinking their size.
Focused Ultrasound Surgery (FUS): This is a minimally invasive procedure that allows the medical professional to reduce the size of the fibroids with the help of high-energy ultrasound.
Hysterectomy: This refers to removal of the entire uterus, eliminating any possibilities of developing any Uterine Fibroids.
Surgery: The surgical method is often opted for when none of the other methods are available/effective. Also known as Myomectomy, this involves removal of the tumours through either hysteroscopic or laparoscopic procedures.
If you ever experience any of the symptoms mentioned above, be sure to seek medical help. Most women often go through their entire life with the pain & discomfort, and should know that fibroids can be easily diagnosed and treated.
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