Urinary Tract Infection: Cause, Symptoms & Prevention

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Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) can come about in any person and at any age; however, women are more prone to be infected than men. UTIs can influence the entire urinary system or various parts of it. The evidence of urinary tract infection is exceedingly common, and just about everyone is susceptible. According to a well-known gynecologist in Mumbai,

Its widespread nature is gauged from the fact that more than a million patients visit doctors every year with complains of urinary tract infection.

Causes of UTI

Urinary Tract Infection is caused by microbes. The germs causing UTI resides in large intestine and are found in stool. Sometimes, these germs attack the urethra and then go up to the bladder causing infections. If neglected, the infection can spread and cause kidney damage.

According to Dr Neena Bahl

Generally, by means of natural phenomenon, human body can expel these germs from the body gradually through urine but sometimes owing to mass growth of microbes in urinary tract the symptoms become very prominent and difficult to subside.

Symptoms of UTI

Some of the most common symptoms of UTI include:

  1. Soreness or burning sensation while urinating
  2. Frequent call for urinating
  3. Waking up at night to urinate
  4. Pressure or pain in the lower abdomen
  5. Bad urine odor
  6. Inability to control the urge for urine or incontinence
  7. Strong urge to urinate but with very little urine
  8. Persistent fever
  9. Extremely severe conditions of a UTI may also cause pain in the lower back, nausea and fever.

Ways to Prevent UTI

There are several ways to prevent the onset of infection. A few of them are:

Maintain proper cleanliness: Maintaining your personal hygiene is of utmost importance. Try to make sure that you clean the area thoroughly after urinating. However, do not make use of chemicals while doing so. These chemicals and other hygiene products can prove harsh on your urethra and may lead to urinary tract infection.

Wear cotton panties as far as possible: Typically, cotton is the best fabric for undergarments since it can absorb moisture keeping the skin area dry. Keeping this area dry is noteworthy as bacteria love wet places.

Try natural remedies: There are plenty of natural ways that can help prevent UTI. Cranberry is one such fruit that is quite effective in preventing UTI. It contains some compounds that stop germs from sticking to the bladder. Moreover, increased intake of Vitamin C increases the acidity level of urine, which prevents the growth of bacteria since they dislike acidic environment. So, go for cranberry juice.

Treatment

According to a top gynecologist in Gurgaon,

In case you experience any signs indicating UTI, do not panic. Typically, UTI affects almost 40% of women at least once in their lifetime.

Usually the urinary tract infection heals itself within 3-5 days. Drink plenty of fluids to stay hydrated and flush off the toxins. In most cases UTIs are solitary occurrences. Furthermore, if it is recurrent then consult an experienced gynecologist and she may prescribe antibiotics to control the condition.


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