Understanding Asthma in Babies
Asthma is a chronic inflammation of the breathing tubes in the lungs. The family’s medical history and the occurrence of a pattern of symptoms help in the diagnosis of asthma in the baby. Following plans prescribed by pediatricians can help children get rid of asthma.
Your baby must be wheezing often, but that does not indicate that he has got asthma. However, if the baby does not have cold but the wheezing persists, consult a pediatrician for a checkup. Asthma is a chronic inflammation of the breathing tubes in the baby’s lungs. The family’s medical history and the occurrence of a pattern of symptoms help in the diagnosis of asthma in the baby.
The symptoms of asthma are different in different babies and different even in different episodes of the same baby.
- Frequent occurrence of dry cough while playing or laughing
- Erratic breathing
- Tightness in the baby’s chest
- A whistling sound when breathing
- Laboured breathing
What Causes Asthma?
Asthma is a result of an allergen such as dust, urine, pollen or pet saliva. Exposure to cigarette smoke can also cause asthma. However, the common cause for the occurrence of asthma in a baby is a respiratory infection such as cold. The chemicals that are released from the antibodies tackling the infecting virus lead to the production of mucus in the baby’s lungs, swelling and tightening of the airway muscles. Asthma can occur at any age but in children, the symptoms mostly occur by the age of five.
Asthma can also occur in the baby due to the following conditions:
- If either of the parents smoke
- If the pregnant mother smoked
- If the baby is a pre-mature baby
- If the baby has any other allergy
Asthma is a chronic problem that has no known cure. However, most babies outgrow the asthma or the conditions become less severe with age. It is however, advisable to provide proper medication to the baby while also ensuring that the baby is kept free from any factors that may trigger asthma.
Based on the severity of the asthma in the baby, the pediatrician will devise a plan of action. The pediatrician will direct under what conditions is your baby to be administered medications, what is to be done if the asthma worsens and when is emergency treatment to be sought.
The child may also require to be administered a home nebulizer. A nebulizer converts the liquid medicines into a mist which the child breathes through a facemask. This has to be done several times a day according to the severity in the child’s asthma.
Signs Of Relief
The following factors indicate that the child is adapting to the medications and that its asthma is weakening.
• When the child starts to live a normally active life
• Shows fewer of the asthma symptoms
• Requires lesser medications and emergency care like a nebulizer
By learning about the causes and symptoms of asthma, one can effectively manage and prevent the baby from the disease. Following the asthma plan that the pediatrician prescribes can help in getting rid of the child’s asthma.