Gastritis: Causes and Prevention
One of the trickiest diseases to detect, gastritis is the most common problem faced by many individuals in this day and age when rather than home remedies people immediately opt for antibiotics for minor ups and downs in their health.
Before going into the details regarding its symptoms and solutions, people needs to understand the true condition of gastritis and what it involves. One of the most active organs of the body is the stomach which toils hard to digest the food that nourishes our body. The inflammation, i.e. reddening, swelling and irritation or erosion in the protective lining of the stomach is termed as a gastritis condition.
It sometimes is difficult for the doctor to detect it, as the patient might not experience any visible symptoms. Yet in some cases, abdominal pain or bloating, nausea, vomiting blood or coffee ground like material, black stool and a gnawing feeling in the stomach between meals helps in easy detection of gastritis.
Depending upon the kind of gastritis a person suffers from, he can review its many causes. A sudden development of the condition is termed as acute or erosive gastritis while a gradual occurrence is known as chronic gastritis. One of the most common causes of acute gastritis is corticosteroids and NSAIDs or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen and naproxen. An avid user of pain medications like Aspirin, Advil or Aleve or someone who tends to consume more than the prescribed doses of these medications is susceptible to damaging the inner lining of his stomach which ultimately leads to gastritis.
One of the other commonly detected causes of gastritis is a bacterium called Helicobacter pylori which is passed from an individual to the other or can also be transmitted through contaminated food and water. Besides these the uncommon causes include autoimmune diseases, surgery, injury, Crohn’s disease and viral infections.
A gastroenterologist for the diagnosis of the disease may prescribe you blood or stool test and even an upper endoscopy. It is of the utmost importance that the patient should be treated immediately, as delay may lead to severe consequences including stomach cancer or ulcers. Yet, a person does not need to fear as detection and treatment at the right time can cure a person completely and quickly of gastritis.
Except for the medications prescribed by the gastroenterologist, which shall include several antibiotics, antacids, and acid blocking drugs for heartburn in case of H.pylori as the cause, a person can also treat himself by making the necessary lifestyle changes. As gastritis is a condition of the stomach, it is vital to regulate the diet of a person for the betterment of his condition.
People should work towards avoiding hot and spicy food and eliminating lactose and gluten from the diet. Intake of easily digestible and healthy food is a key treatment of gastritis. If pernicious anaemia is the cause of the patient’s troubles then a doctor can also give the patient B12 vitamin shots. It is further advisable that to prevent the recurrence of such a condition, the patient should maintain the intake of a nutritious diet and strictly avoid alcohol and smoking.
Hence a healthy lifestyle undoubtedly leads to a healthy body and a happier you.